The Case for an Early Childhood Development Strategy

Clyde Hertzman[ * ] ABSTRACT Prenatal and early childhood experiences have a more powerful and long-lasting effect on subsequent health, well-being and competence than had been previously thought. The new evidence supporting this claim is rich in implications for policy in Canada. The evidence on this connection between childrens’ early experiences and lifelong health, well-being and competence […]

Social Capital and Health

ABSTRACT Individuals tend to be healthier the higher they are on the income ladder. But nations with a higher GDP/capita are not necessarily healthier nations. A relationship has been found, however, between income inequality and population health status. Some of the literature that seeks to interpret these findings is reviewed. Some suggest equality may affect […]

Reciprocity Mechanisms and the Unemployed in Canada and abroad

Pascale Dufour, Alain Noël and Gérard Boismenu [ * ] ABSTRACT The methods and practices of reciprocity in social assistance are compared in six OECD countries. The literature from English-speaking countries tends to talk about workfare while Continental European literature uses the concept of conditionality. The authors employ the term “reciprocity” as a generic concept encompassing all […]

L’Aquaculture du saumon atlantique une menace pour les stocks naturels de la région du canada atlantique ?

ABSTRACT After many years of robust productivity, wild Atlantic salmon stocks have declined since the 1970s and have become a fragile resource. At the same time, aquaculture of Atlantic salmon has grown explosively. Is salmon aquaculture a real or potential threat to the health and survival of wild stocks? RÉSUMÉ Après de nombreuses années de […]

The Trend Toward Delayed First Childbirth: Health and Social Implications

ABSTRACT On average, today’s first-time parents are better educated and have incomes that are considerably higher than parents having children in the 1970s. However, this “good news” is tempered by virtue of growing socio-economic disparities between younger and older parents. While it is not surprising to find that younger parents have lower incomes than older […]

Sustainable Development

The purpose of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) to be held in Johannesburg later this year is to re-invigorate political commitment to the full implementation of the commitments made at the Earth Summit in 1992. Accelerating implementation of Agenda 21, through concrete actions and measures and active partnerships among government, business and civil society […]

Increase Community Protection from Extreme Weather Events

EXTREME WEATHER can be a serious threat. People are killed and injured, property is damaged. Unfortunately, changes in the global climate are expected to affect, and may now be affecting the frequency and severity of extreme weather events. That’s why Canada’s insurers are pressing for increased investments in community protection. The International Red Cross has […]

Seals And Cod

A Canadian council known as the FRCC (Fisheries Resource Conservation Council) studies fish and seal population, and advises the Minister of Fisheries and Ocean on population and conservation steps they believe need to be taken. In an April 1999 paper (, they advised that seal populations needed to be culled by up to 50% of […]

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Role of Science in Policy

THIS STORY STARTS IN VILLACH in 1985. There had been several climate change conferences in this lovely Austrian town before 1985, and some elsewhere. The one that year had the advantage of a comprehensive report on all greenhouse gases, by a team led by Professor Bert Bolin (Sweden), for the International Council of Scientific Unions […]

Are Canadian Family Businesses Ready for Succession ?

The importance of family businesses in Canada cannot be overstated. The term “family business” generally implies that the firm is both family owned and family managed.[ 1 ] Their importance to Canada follows from two characteristics. First, they are the dominant form of business in Canada accounting for a significant portion of our wealth and employment. According […]

A Social Charter for a North American Community

North American integration confronts Canadians with the challenge of assuring effective community participation in a sustainable global economy without losing distinct cultural identities and valued social norms. Can individuals be effectively engaged in formal employment in global markets without risking full cultural assimilation? Can access to common resources continue to be governed in a global […]